We usually associate poultry with chickens. Poultry doesn’t cover chickens and layers only yet it is a term used for ducks, turkeys, and geese for the purpose of their meat, eggs, or feathers. It is a branch of animal husbandry that provides a significant source of protein to humans.
Poultry flesh is a good source of B-complex vitamins, phosphorus, and other minerals in addition to being high in protein. Healthy monounsaturated fats, which make up approximately fifty per cent of the total fat present in poultry flesh, are abundant whereas trans fats are scarce.
Poultry farming is important for several reasons.
- It is a valuable source of protein for humans.
- Poultry meat and eggs are a rich source of high-quality protein and essential nutrients such as iron, zinc, and vitamin B12.
- Poultry farming is a source of income for many people, especially in rural areas. Small-scale poultry farmers can earn a good income by selling their products in local markets.
- It is a sustainable agricultural practice that can help to reduce poverty and improve food security in developing countries.
- Low start-up costs: Compared to other livestock farming businesses, poultry farming requires relatively low start-up costs.
- High demand for poultry products: Poultry products such as eggs and meat are in high demand all over the world. This means that there is a ready market for these products, which can be beneficial for beginners who are just starting out.
- Quick returns on investment: Poultry farming has a relatively short production cycle. For example, chickens can start laying eggs within a few months of being hatched.
- Easy to manage: Poultry is relatively easy to manage compared to other types of livestock. They require less space, are easier to feed, and are generally more resistant to diseases.
There are two main types of poultry farming: commercial and backyard.
- Commercial poultry farming involves large-scale operations that are designed to produce large quantities of eggs or meat. These farms typically use intensive production systems that involve high stocking densities, controlled lighting, and automated feeding systems.
- Backyard poultry farming, on the other hand, involves small-scale operations that are usually run by families or small communities. These farms are often integrated with other agricultural activities such as crop production or livestock farming.
Here is a list of the 20 best chicken breeds that your backyard coop needs.
- ISA Brown
- Plymouth Rock
- Naked Neck
- New Hampshire Red
- Belgian d’Uccle
- Rhode Island Red
The Cornish Cross chickens are the most popular meat chicken breed among homesteaders. It is a hybrid chicken of Cornish and White Rock. These chickens grow at the fastest rate of any other breed. These birds can grow to be up to 12 pounds in just 8 weeks. Commercial meat producers like this breed due to its rapid growth rate.
Starting a poultry farm requires careful planning and consideration of several key factors.
Firstly, the type of poultry to be raised must be chosen based on market demand, climate, and local regulations.
Secondly, the housing and feeding systems must be designed to ensure the health and welfare of the birds.
Thirdly, biosecurity measures must be implemented to prevent the spread of diseases.
Fourthly, marketing strategies must be developed to ensure that the products can be sold at a profitable price.
There are five steps to starting a poultry farm
Step 1: Decide what kind of poultry bird you want to raise.
Step 2: Pick an appropriate farm location or site.
Step 3: Provide suitable avian housing and shelter.
Step 4: Feeding and medicating the poultry birds.
Step 5: To market and sell the poultry birds
We can divide poultry into three categories Laying, Meat-Producing, and Dual-Purpose Breeds. Large-scale layer farming will ultimately be more profitable and produce more revenue than broiler farming because the birds may be sold as meat after producing eggs, though at a lesser price than broilers.
The Giant Brahma chicken is large chicken and is also known as the King of All Poultry by the Livestock Conservancy. It is an American breed. Their breeding origins are unknown because there were no standards, registries, and chicken associations in the early days of breeding.
Let’s see the best food for poultry. Choose fruits, vegetables, and grains to keep chickens delighted and provide a nutritionally balanced diet. Leafy greens, cooked beans, corn, non-sugary cereals and grains, berries, apples, and most other fruits and vegetables are all good choices.
Although China is abundant in chicken production more than any other country in the world yet Brazil and the United States are the world’s two largest exporters of broiler meat, with 4.6 million metric tons and 3.36 million metric tons, respectively.
Poultry is highly sensitive to a variety of diseases. Bird flu, fowl typhoid, pullorum, fowl cholera, chronic respiratory disease, infectious sinusitis, infectious coryza, avian infectious hepatitis, infectious synovitis, blue comb, Newcastle disease, fowl pox, avian leukosis complex, coccidiosis, blackhead, infectious laryngotracheitis, infectious bronchitis, and erysipelas are among those that are more common.
Strict hygienic standards, the wise use of medicines and vaccinations, the widespread use of cages for layers and confinement rearing for broilers, and other practices have made it possible to effectively control the disease.
The best methods that are used for poultry farming are
- Yarding Method.
- Battery Cage Method.
- Furnished Cage Method.
- Broiler Poultry Farming.
- Indoor Raising Metho
- Layer Poultry Farming.
- Free Range Farming.
- Organic Method.
In conclusion, poultry farming is an important branch of animal husbandry that provides a valuable source of protein to humans, a source of income to farmers, and contributes to sustainable agricultural practices.
There are two main types of poultry farming, commercial and backyard, and starting a poultry farm requires careful planning and consideration of several key factors. With proper management and care, poultry farming can be a profitable and sustainable enterprise.